Today In History, 21 February

Historical Events On This Day

  • In 1613, Mikhail I was elected Tsar of Russia, starting the Romanov dynasty.
  • In 1804, the first self-propelling steam locomotive was debuted by British mining engineer and inventor Richard Trevithick.
  • In 1916, one of World War I’s deadliest and longest battles, the Battle of Verdun, began with a German offensive.
  • In 1921, an Iranian military officer and politician Reza Shah led a successful coup and became the first shah of the House of Pahlavi of the Imperial State of Iran.
  • In 1965, Malcolm X, an American activist, black nationalist and Islamic leader, was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam.
  • In 1972, US President Richard Nixon visited the People’s Republic of China, ending the 21-year estrangement between the countries.
  • In 1995, American businessman and aviator Steve Fossett became the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
  • In 1999, the Lahore Declaration was signed on the use of nuclear weapons between India’s Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif.

Sports Events Today

  • In 1948, the American auto racing sanctioning and operating company NASCAR was founded by Bill France Sr.
  • In 1980, Liechtenstein became the smallest country to produce an Olympic champion when Hanni Wenzel won the women’s giant slalom at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics.

Art and Culture Events Today

  • In 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published “The Communist Manifesto” in London.
  • In 1925, the popular American weekly magazine The New Yorker published its first issue.
  • In 2003, American political commentator Bill Maher’s talk show “Real Time with Bill Maher” debuted on HBO.

Notable Deaths On This Day

Sr NoDeath YearPersonality
11677Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher who believed that “the sum of the natural and physical laws of the universe and certainly not an individual entity or creator”
21741Jethro Tull, English agriculturist and writer who invented the seed drill
31829Kittur Chennamma, Indian queen of Kittur and a folk hero in Karnataka who fought the British East India Company
41941Frederick Banting, Canadian physician and scientist who won the Nobel Prize with John Macleod for discovering insulin
51965Malcolm X, American human rights activist and Black nationalist who served as the spokesman for the Nation of Islam
61999Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed treatments for leukemia and herpes

Famous Birthdays On This Day

Sr NoBirth YearPersonality
11899Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Indian poet, essayist and story-writer considered one of the greatest writers of Hindi literature
21924Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who ruled the country as a dictator for nearly four decades
31933Nina Simone, American singer and civil rights activist who created music in various genres like classical, folk, gospel, blues, jazz, R&B and pop
41946Alan Rickman, English actor known for his versatility and intense performances as iconic characters Hans Gruber in Die Hard and Severus Snape in the Harry Potter series
51961Abhijit Banerjee, Indian economist and Nobel Laureate
61962David Foster Wallace, American author known for his best-selling and one of the greatest novels of the century, Infinite Jest
71962Chuck Palahniuk, American novelist best known for writing the books Fight Club and Choke
81979Jordan Peele, American actor, writer and filmmaker known for his comedic roles and directing the blockbuster horror films Get Out and Up
91980Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo of the Kingdom of Bhutan, the fifh king
101987Elliot Page, Canadian actor who rose to fame for his performances in Juno, Inception and Hard Candy
111996Sophie Turner, English actress best known for playing Sansa Stark on the HBO fantasy series Game of Thrones