Today In History, 20 February
Historical Events On This Day
- In 1547, Edward VI was crowned King of England after the death of his father, Henry VIII.
- In 1872, the famous Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City first opened to the public.
- In 1935, Caroline Mikkelsen became the first woman to step foot in Antarctica.
- In 1943, the Paricutin volcano was formed in the cornfield of a Mexican farmer and frequently erupted for 9 years.
- In 1947, Lord Mountbatten was appointed the last viceroy of India to oversee independence.
- In 1962, astronaut John H. Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth during the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission aboard the spacecraft Friendship 7.
- In 1988, Peter Kallikow bought the New York Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million.
- In 2003, a botched pyrotechnics display set The Station nightclub on fire during a concert by rock band Great White, killing 100 people.
- In 2013, the smallest exoplanet, Kepler-37b, was discovered.
Sports Events Today
- In 1998, 15-year-old American figure skater Tara Lipinski became the youngest Olympic figure skating gold medalist after winning at Nagano Winter Olympics.
- In 2021, Naomi Osaka of Japan won her fourth major and second Australian title after beating American Jennifer Brady 6-4, 6-3 at the Australian Open.
Art and Culture Events Today
- In 1816, Italian composer Rossini’s famous opera “The Barber of Seville” premiered at the Teatro Argentina in Rome.
- In 1877, Russian composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky’s ballet “Swan Lake” premiered at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
- In 1909, the Futurist Manifesto was published in the French journal Le Figaro by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, celebrating speed, machinery, violence, youth and industry.
Notable Deaths On This Day
|Sr No||Death Year||Personality|
|1||1790||Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 who abolished serfdom, established religious equality before the law, and granted freedom of the press|
|2||1895||Frederick Douglass, American social reformer, orator, writer and abolitionist who was born in slavery but fought to rid it from American through his writings and oratory|
|3||1920||Robert Peary, American explorer and naval captain who was the first person to reach the North Pole|
|4||1993||Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile designer, inventor, engineer and businessman who founded the sports car manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini after a feud with Enzo Ferrari|
|5||2005||Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author, known for creating gonzo journalism|
|6||2015||Govind Pansare, Indian left-wing politician and communist who wrote the best-selling Marathi biography of Shivaji|
Famous Birthdays On This Day
|Sr No||Birth Year||Personality|
|1||1844||Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist and philosopher known for developing statistical mechanics and statistically explaining the second law of thermodynamics|
|2||1901||Louis Kahn, Estonian-American architect considered on of the most important architects of the 20th century for designing the Kimbell Art Museum and Bangadesh National Museum|
|3||1925||Robert Altman, Five-time Academy Award-nominated American director known for his films M*A*S*H, The Player and Gosford Park|
|4||1927||Sidney Poitier, Bahamian-American actor who challenged racism to become the first black person to win the Oscar for Best Actor for his performance in the film Lilies of the Field|
|5||1963||Charles Barkley, one of the most popular American basketball players and a television personality|
|6||1966||Cindy Crawford, American supermodel and television personality|
|7||1967||Kurt Cobain, American musician and frontman of the alt-rock band Nirvana|
|8||1982||Osita Iheme, Nigerian actor and author famous for playing the comedic character Pawpaw in the film Aki na Ukwa|
|9||1987||Miles Teller, American actor who rose to fame for his lead role in the Oscar-nominated film Whiplash and also starred in Top Gun: Maverick|
|10||1988||Rihanna, Barbadian-American singer who is the best-selling female pop and R&B artist in history and is known for her hit songs “Diamonds”, “Love the Way You Lie” and “Take A Bow”|