* The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
* Establishment of peacekeeping operations
* Establishment of international sanctions, and
* The authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions
# UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
* The Security Council consists of fifteen members.
* Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States—serve as the body’s five permanent members. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
* The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.