In India there are three major crop seasons – :
(ii) Rabi, and
|1. The Khariff crops are associated with the monsoon season. They are sown in the months of June and July and are harvested in autumn months i.e. in September and October.|
2. Important Khariff crops are rice, jowar, maize, cotton, ragi, bajra, sugarcane and jute.
|1. The Rabi crops are sown in the period between October and December and harvested in April and May.|
2. Important Rabi crops are wheat, peas, pulses, mustard and rapeseed.
|1. Zaid crops are sown in the summer season.|
2. Important Zaid crops are rice, maize, sunflower, vegetables and groundnut.
Agricultural crops can be broadly divided into two categories – :
(i) food crops, and
(ii) non-food crops
|Food crops – Food crops consists of cereals and pulses. Among the cereals are included rice, wheat, maize, bajra, jowar, etc. Pulses include gram, masur, arhar, moong, etc.|
|Non-food crops – Non food crops comprise of cash crops such as sugarcane, tobacco, jute, cotton, etc.|
|Tea, coffee and rubber are included among the plantation crops.|
|Fruit, vegetables, coconut, cashew, etc are included among the horticulture crops.|