The idea for a Constituent Assembly for drafting a constitution for India was first provided by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1895. In 1934, the demand for a constituent assembly was raised for the first time, which later became an Official Demand in 1935. This demand was accepted in August 1940 offer by the British.
> The constituent assembly was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission which visited India in 1946
> The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946— its temporary president was Dr Sacchidanand Sinha
> The second meeting was held on December 11, 1946. Its president was Dr Rajendra Prasad.
> The Objectives Resolution was passed under the chairmanship of J.L. Nehru.on 13 December 1946.
> The Draft of Indian Constitution was presented in October 1947. President of the Drafting Committee was Bhim Rao Ambedkar
> The total time consumed to prepare the draft was 2 years, 11 months, 18 days.
> The Constituent Assembly was the First Parliament of Independent India.
> The Indian Constitution was enacted on November 26, 1949, and put into force on January 26, 1950.
> On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in 1952
👉 Functions performed by Constituent Assembly
Enacting of ordinary laws
> Adopted national flag- 22-07-1947
> Adopted national anthem- 24-01-1950
> Adopted national song- 24-01-1950
> Elected Dr Rajendra Prasad first President of India: 26-01-1950
👉 Facts about the constituent assembly
> Had 11 sessions over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days
> Constitution makers visited 60 countries.
> Total expenditure – Rs 64 lakh
👉 Major Committees
> Union Powers Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
> Union Constitution Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
> Provincial Constitution Committee – Sardar Patel
> Drafting Committee – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
> Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities – Sardar Patel
👉 This committee had Two sub-committees:
(a) Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee – J.B. Kripalani
(b) Minorities Sub-Committee – H.C. Mukherjee
> Rules of Procedure Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad
> States Committee (Committee for Negotiating with States) – Jawaharlal Nehru
> Steering Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad