IMPORTANT EDITORIAL WORDS

1. SALVO (N) ( के सिवाय )

Meaning- a sudden, vigorous, or aggressive act or series of acts.

Synonyms- fusillade, outburst, fit, explosion, volley, flare-up, burst.

Antonyms- Dribble, drip, trickle

Usage- There never was a rogue, who had not a salvo to himself for being so.

2. PURPORTEDLY (Adv) ( कथित रूप से )

Meaning- as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so.

Synonyms- allegedly, reportedly, reputedly, apparently, evidently.

Antonyms- implausibly, impossibly, improbably, incredibly.

Usage- Well, photographs that he had purportedly taken, or picture postcards or things he had purchased?

3. RIPPLE EFFECT (N) ( तरंग प्रभाव )

Meaning- a situation in which one thing causes a series of other things to happen.

Synonyms- Casual sequence, cause and effect, chain of events, Domino theory

Antonyms- boiling frog

Usage- “It will have a ripple effect through the whole industry”

4. OUTRIGHT (Adv) ( तुरंत, पूर्णतया )

Meaning:- completely or immediately.

Syno:- completely, fully, wholly, totally, categorically

Anto:- incomplete, uncertain, mixed, imperfect

Usage:- The painting is now owned outright by the museum

5. IN FINE FETTLE (Adj)

Meaning- In good condition; energetic.

Syno:- lively, bright, bouncy, bubbly

Anto:- dull, gloomy, lifeless, unhappy, cloudy

Usage:- I was in fine fettle for a while, but now that school is over I’m feeling pretty sad.

6. TEPID (Adj) ( उत्साहहीन )

Meaning- showing little enthusiasm.

Syno:- unenthusiastic, apathetic, indifferent, cool

Anto:- hot, enthusiastic, passionate

Usage:- She lifted her canteen and allowed herself a swallow of the tepid water.

7. BUMBLING (Adj) ( अनाड़ी )

Meaning- acting in a confused or ineffectual way; incompetent.

Syno:- blunder, lurch, stumble, lumber

Anto:- efficient, expert

Usage:- There are no idiot dads acting like bumbling lunkheads in front of their sneering, wisecracking wives and children.

8. WRONG-HEADED (Adj) ( विपरीत बुद्धि, सिरफिरा )

Meaning- having or showing bad judgement; misguided.

Syno:- adverse, hostile, negative, inimical

Anto:- agreeable, friendly, kind, equal, confirming

Usage:- We can be wrongheaded and wronghearted, or the reverse, as we ourselves determine

9. MORASS (N) ( दलदल )

Meaning- a complicated or confused situation.

Syno:- quagmire, bog, swamp, mire, quag, burn

Anto:- aid, assist, explain, help, please, refresh, build, clam

Usage:- Forgive me that I harass you with this catalogue of my misfortunes.

10. EXACERBATE (V) ( ख़राब करना )

Meaning- make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

Syno:- aggravate, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify

Anto:- calm, reduce

Usage:- The proposed factory shutdown would only exacerbate our unemployment problems

IMPORTANT IDIOM / PHRASE

Alpha and Omega

Meaning- The beginning and the end; the entirety of something

Example- In order to do well on the exam, you need to know the alpha and omega of the textbook.

IMPORTANT PHRASAL VERB

Grow back

Meaning- To being growing again after being cut off or damaged.

Example- His eyebrows never grew back after the accident.