1. SALVO (N) ( के सिवाय )
Meaning- a sudden, vigorous, or aggressive act or series of acts.
Synonyms- fusillade, outburst, fit, explosion, volley, flare-up, burst.
Antonyms- Dribble, drip, trickle
Usage- There never was a rogue, who had not a salvo to himself for being so.
2. PURPORTEDLY (Adv) ( कथित रूप से )
Meaning- as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so.
Synonyms- allegedly, reportedly, reputedly, apparently, evidently.
Antonyms- implausibly, impossibly, improbably, incredibly.
Usage- Well, photographs that he had purportedly taken, or picture postcards or things he had purchased?
3. RIPPLE EFFECT (N) ( तरंग प्रभाव )
Meaning- a situation in which one thing causes a series of other things to happen.
Synonyms- Casual sequence, cause and effect, chain of events, Domino theory
Antonyms- boiling frog
Usage- “It will have a ripple effect through the whole industry”
4. OUTRIGHT (Adv) ( तुरंत, पूर्णतया )
Meaning:- completely or immediately.
Syno:- completely, fully, wholly, totally, categorically
Anto:- incomplete, uncertain, mixed, imperfect
Usage:- The painting is now owned outright by the museum
5. IN FINE FETTLE (Adj)
Meaning- In good condition; energetic.
Syno:- lively, bright, bouncy, bubbly
Anto:- dull, gloomy, lifeless, unhappy, cloudy
Usage:- I was in fine fettle for a while, but now that school is over I’m feeling pretty sad.
6. TEPID (Adj) ( उत्साहहीन )
Meaning- showing little enthusiasm.
Syno:- unenthusiastic, apathetic, indifferent, cool
Anto:- hot, enthusiastic, passionate
Usage:- She lifted her canteen and allowed herself a swallow of the tepid water.
7. BUMBLING (Adj) ( अनाड़ी )
Meaning- acting in a confused or ineffectual way; incompetent.
Syno:- blunder, lurch, stumble, lumber
Anto:- efficient, expert
Usage:- There are no idiot dads acting like bumbling lunkheads in front of their sneering, wisecracking wives and children.
8. WRONG-HEADED (Adj) ( विपरीत बुद्धि, सिरफिरा )
Meaning- having or showing bad judgement; misguided.
Syno:- adverse, hostile, negative, inimical
Anto:- agreeable, friendly, kind, equal, confirming
Usage:- We can be wrongheaded and wronghearted, or the reverse, as we ourselves determine
9. MORASS (N) ( दलदल )
Meaning- a complicated or confused situation.
Syno:- quagmire, bog, swamp, mire, quag, burn
Anto:- aid, assist, explain, help, please, refresh, build, clam
Usage:- Forgive me that I harass you with this catalogue of my misfortunes.
10. EXACERBATE (V) ( ख़राब करना )
Meaning- make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Syno:- aggravate, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify
Anto:- calm, reduce
Usage:- The proposed factory shutdown would only exacerbate our unemployment problems
IMPORTANT IDIOM / PHRASE
Alpha and Omega
Meaning- The beginning and the end; the entirety of something
Example- In order to do well on the exam, you need to know the alpha and omega of the textbook.
IMPORTANT PHRASAL VERB
Meaning- To being growing again after being cut off or damaged.
Example- His eyebrows never grew back after the accident.