Government Initiatives to Promote Urban Infrastructure in India

▪️The Smart Cities Mission 

✅The Smart Cities Mission is a major urban renewal program launched by the Government to develop and upgrade living conditions and infrastructure in selected 100 cities all over the country.

▪️Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Project

✅Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) along with smart cities were jointly planned and launched by the government to transform urban living conditions through infrastructure upgradation.

✅AMRUT is aimed at transforming 500 cities and towns into efficient urban living spaces over a period of five years.

✅ Ministry of Urban Development has selected the five hundred cities with the help of state governments.

▪️Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) or Housing for All by 2022 Mission

✅The ‘Housing for All by 2022’ under the scheme of “Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Housing for All (Urban)” launched by the central government aims to provide housing to all urban people by 2022.

✅It provides central assistance to States and UTs for constructing houses to all eligible sections by concentrating on urban slums and economically weaker sections.

✅Hence, slum rehabilitation and affordable housing to Economically Weaker Sections are the major features of the project.

▪️Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)

✅The HRIDAY scheme is launched fro the holistic development of heritage cities.

✅It amis to preserve and revitalize the unique character of heritage cities in India. 

▪️Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission

✅JNNURM was launched in 2005 as the flagship scheme for urban development.

✅The programme had two components viz., Basic Services for Urban poor (BSUP) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP).

✅Civic amenities were improved under the programme including urban transportation.

✅The programme aimed at integrated development of slums through projects for providing shelter, basic services and other related civic amenities. 

▪️ Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

✅ A major associated urban development programme is making India’s urban centres clean.