Facts about India Population


       1,366,537,458 (136 Crores 65 Lakhs 37 Thousand 4 Hundred 58)


India’s 2019 population is estimated at 1.37 billion based on the most recent UN data. India, located in South Asia, is bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean, and is also bordered by the countries of Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Myanmar (formerly Burma), and Bangladesh. India is the world’s 7th largest country by area and the 2nd most populous country with more than 1.3 billion residents.
1 of every 6 people on the planet live in India, and between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the country grew by 17.7%, adding 181.5 million people. The country has doubled in size in just 40 years, and is expected to unseat China as the world’s most populated country in the next couple of decades. India’s current yearly growth rate is 1.08%.
The country as a whole has a population density of 416 people per square kilometer, which ranks 31st in the world. In Mumbai, the population density is 21,000 people per square kilometer(54,000/square mile).
Largest Cities in India
India’s largest city is Mumbai, with a population of 12.5 million, closely followed by Delhi, with a population of over 11 million. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.
Mumbai (formerly Bombay) had an official population of 12,478,447 in 2011, although its wider metropolitan area is much larger – home to 18,414,288 people. It has more than doubled in size in the past forty years, although growth has slowed dramatically in the past decade. During the 1971 census, its population was recorded as 5.9 million.
Delhi, India’s second most populous city was home to 11,034,555 people according to 2011 data, and its metro area contains 21,753,486 people. Growth in Delhi is even more rapid than Mumbai’s, and it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India within a decade. The city has struggled to keep up with growth. Nearly half of its residents live in slums, and the city’s poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi’s boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. It has a population of 249,998 people.
Other major cities in India are Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million) and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million). There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least 1 million.
Largest States in India
There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.
India’s largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199,581,520 in 2011, is larger than most countries in the world. If it were a country in its own right, it would be the fifth largest in the world, falling just behind China, India, the United States and Indonesia.
Two other Indian states are home to more than 100 million people – Maharashtra (pop: 112.4 million) and Bihar (pop: 103.8 million). The smallest state in India is Sikkim (pop: 607,688).
India Demographics
Data on ethnicity is not collected by the Indian census, although the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid and other.
Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under ‘other’ by the census. In 2011, 0.9% of Indians selected the ‘No Religion’ category.
While the number of Indians living in urban areas has increased over the last two decades, about 67% of people still live in rural areas. In 2011, India had a literacy rate of 74%: 82% for men and 65% for women. The literacy rate varies wildly by state. Bihar is the least literate with a rate of 63.82%.
India Languages
The population of India uses numerous languages to converse across the county. These languages include English, Hindi, and Tamil along with many additional tongues and dialects; however, the former two languages (English and Hindi) are the official languages of the Indian Government. Additionally, 44% of the population uses Hindi as their mother tongue.
India Quality of Life
The current ranking of India’s quality of life is 49 out of 66, giving it a quality of life index of 121.61. The health care ratio is 68.04, and the cost of living index is 23.81.
India Census Notes
The 2011 census was the second largest the world has ever seen – second only to China’s census the previous year. It took place in two phases. The first phase, in April 2010, counted all of the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India.
The census was a massive exercise, employing millions of Indians. The total cost of the census came to $439 million which was actually considerably cheaper per person than most censuses held around the world. The average census costs over $4 per person, whereas the census in India cost just $.50 per person.
The 2011 census was the fifteenth nationwide census carried out in India. The first was held in 1881,although it was not able to cover all of the British-held Indian territory. The first comprehensive nationwide census was carried out under the auspices of Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, and counted a population of 288 million in 1881. Since then, a census has been held every ten years in India.
Cities in India
2019 Population Rank
2
2019 World Percentage
17.74%
2019 Growth Rate
1.08%
Density
416.33/km²
Area
3,287,590 km²
Capital City
New Delhi
Region
Asia
Subregion
Southern Asia
Anthem
India Anthem
Government
India Government
How Many People Live in India?
1,366,537,458
India Flag
India Population Growth
While India’s population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it’s still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by 2028, when both will have about 1.55 billion people.
About India
Official Name
Republic of India
Languages Spoken
Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam
Is Landlocked
No
Latitude/Longitude
2077
Currencies Used
India Rupee
Demonym
Indian
Countries Bordering India
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Myanmar
China
Nepal
Pakistan
Sri Lanka

India Top 20 Cities by Population
Name
Population
Mumbai
12,691,836
Delhi
10,927,986
Bengaluru
5,104,047
Kolkata
4,631,392
Chennai
4,328,063
Ahmedabad
3,719,710
Hyderabad
3,597,816
Pune
2,935,744
Surat
2,894,504
Kanpur
2,823,249
Jaipur
2,711,758
Navi Mumbai
2,600,000
Lucknow
2,472,011
Nagpur
2,228,018
Indore
1,837,041
Patna
1,599,920
Bhopal
1,599,914
Ludhiana
1,545,368
Tirunelveli
1,435,844
Agra
1,430,055
India Population Clock
The population of India (as of 5/7/2019)?
1,366,537,458
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)
1,368,737,513
Births Per Day
68,833
Deaths Per Day
27,540
Net Migrations Per Day
-1,292
Net Change Per Day
40,001
Population Change Since January 1st
5,040,126
  • Net Increase of 1 person every 2 seconds
  • Population estimates based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.
India Population by Year (Historical)

Year
Population
% Male
% Female
Density (km²)
Population Rank
Growth Rate
2019
1,368,737,513
51.80%
48.20%
416.33
2
1.08%
2018
1,354,051,854
51.81%
48.19%
411.87
2
1.11%
2017
1,339,180,127
51.82%
48.18%
407.34
2
1.13%
2016
1,324,171,354
51.83%
48.17%
402.78
2
1.15%
2015
1,309,053,980
51.84%
48.16%
398.18
2
1.24%
2010
1,230,980,691
51.87%
48.13%
374.43
2
1.47%
2005
1,144,118,674
51.84%
48.16%
348.01
2
1.67%
2000
1,053,050,912
51.80%
48.20%
320.31
2
1.86%
1995
960,482,795
51.78%
48.22%
292.15
2
2.00%
1990
870,133,480
51.76%
48.24%
264.67
2
2.17%
1985
781,666,671
51.76%
48.24%
237.76
2
2.33%
1980
696,783,517
51.79%
48.21%
211.94
2
2.32%
1975
621,301,720
51.82%
48.18%
188.98
2
2.34%
1970
553,578,513
51.78%
48.22%
168.38
2
2.15%
1965
497,702,365
51.71%
48.29%
151.39
2
2.06%
1960
449,480,608
51.60%
48.40%
136.72
2
1.89%
1955
409,269,055
51.46%
48.54%
124.49
2
1.69%
1950
376,325,200
51.31%
48.69%
114.47
2
0.00%
India Population by Year (Projections)
Year
Population
% Male
% Female
Density (km²)
Population Rank
Growth Rate
2020
1,383,197,753
51.79%
48.21%
420.73
2
0.00%
2025
1,451,829,004
51.72%
48.28%
441.61
1
0.97%
2030
1,512,985,207
51.64%
48.36%
460.21
1
0.83%
2035
1,564,570,223
51.53%
48.47%
475.90
1
0.67%
2040
1,605,355,574
51.41%
48.59%
488.31
1
0.52%
2045
1,636,496,308
51.28%
48.72%
497.78
1
0.38%
2050
1,658,978,162
51.15%
48.85%
504.62
1
0.27%
2055
1,673,078,321
51.03%
48.97%
508.91
1
0.17%
2060
1,678,568,111
50.91%
49.09%
510.58
1
0.07%
2065
1,675,744,291
50.80%
49.20%
509.72
1
-0.03%
2070
1,665,179,391
50.71%
49.29%
506.50
1
-0.13%
2075
1,648,425,091
50.63%
49.37%
501.41
1
-0.20%
2080
1,626,927,002
50.57%
49.43%
494.87
1
-0.26%
2085
1,602,017,424
50.52%
49.48%
487.29
1
-0.31%
2090
1,574,797,201
50.51%
49.49%
479.01
1
-0.34%
2095
1,545,958,898
50.52%
49.48%
470.24
1
-0.37%