It’s been widely debated in Indian media since last 2 years and a private members Compulsory Voting Bill, 2019, was introduced in Lok sabha in July 2019.
What is it?
It requires eligible citizens to register and vote in elections, and may impose penalties on those who fail to do so.
1.Higher voter turnout leads to greater political legitimacy.
2. civil education and political stimulation will result in a better informed citizenry.
3. 3. No disenfranchisement of marginalized people
4. 4. Reduction in outside influences like muscle power, money power etc
1.Its against Right to freedom and Voice of dissent guaranteed in a democracy.
2.may lead to state oppressions, and give rise to separatism and regionalism.
3. Poors – basic needs priority and not Voting
4. 4. Not feasible to implement, as state machinery is inadequate for imposing punishments.
5. 5. It violates freedom of speech because the freedom to speak necessarily includes the freedom not to speak.
6. 6. International experiences as in Australia, reflects, increased in Voterturn out does not ensure Quality of voting. People votes without even looking at whom they are voting(Donkey Voting).
Not practical in India, which has also been highlighted by the 255th Law commission report.
India should work on increasing voter turnout through encouraging Political education and mass sensitization about Civic duty of voting.