Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

* The Central Pollution Control Board ; statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
* Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
* It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
* Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,
(i) to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and

(ii) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

* It coordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them.