BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT INDIA


POINTS
INFO
Capital of India:
New Delhi
Belongs in Continent:
Asia
Location:
28°36.8′N, 77°12.5′E
Other Names of India:
Hindustan, Bharat,
Neighbor countries:
China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar
Population:
1,210,193,422 (2nd )
Area:
3,287,590 km2 (7th)
Total Coast Line of India:
7,517 KM
Land Frontier:
15,200 Km
Length from East to West:
2933 KM
Length from North to South:
3214 Km
Official Languages:
Hindi, English
Currency:
Indian Rupee
Important Rivers:
Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri, Luni, Narmada, Yamuna, Sutlej, Jhelum, Koshi, Gandaki
Important Mountains:
Himalaya, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Karakoram, Aravalli, Satpura,
Indian States:
29
Union Territories:
6+ 1 Capital Territory
Main Agricultural Products:
Rice, Wheat, Sugar Cane, Cotton, Jute, Tea, Coffee, Spices,
Major Cities of India:
Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmadabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Surat, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Vadodara, Kochi
Major Seas of India:
Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean
Animals of India:
Tiger, Elephant, Lion, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Neelgai, Chinkara, Indian flying fox, Ass
Tourist Places:
Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Hawa Mahal, Jama Masjid, Konark Sun Temple, Sundarbans, India Gate, City palace Jaipur, Akshardham, Golkonda
Festivals of India:
Diwali, Holi, Rath Yatra, Kumbh Mela, Janmasthami, Muharram, Id-ul-Fitr, Good Friday, Christmas

 

NATIONAL THINGS/SYMBOLS OF INDIA

NATIONAL
SYMBOLS
National Emblem
Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
National Flag:
Tricolor
National Anthem:
“Jana Gana Mana”
National Song:
“Vande Mataram”
National Animal:
Tiger
National Flower:
Lotus
National Fruit:
Mango
National Bird:
Peacock
Motto:
“Satyameva Jayate”
National Tree of India
Banyan

 

NATIONAL DAYS OF INDIA

DAYS
DATE
Independence Day:
15th August
Republic Day:
26TH January
Teachers Day:
5th September
Martyr’s Day:
30th January, 23rd March
Children’s Day;
14th November
Gandhi Jayanti:
2nd October
National Education Day:
11th November

 

 RELIGIONS OF INDIA

RELIGION
PLACE OF WORSHIP
RELIGIOUS BOOKS
Hinduism
Temple
Gita, Vedas
Islam
Mosque
Quran
Christianity
Church
Bible
Sikhism
Gurdwara
Guru Granth Sahib
Buddhism
Temples
Tripitaka
Jainism
Temples
Kalpa Sutra, Agama, Tattvartha,

 

 LARGEST THINGS OF INDIA

LARGEST
THINGS
Largest State (Population Wise):
Uttar Pradesh
Largest State (Area Wise):
Rajasthan
Largest District:
Kutch
Largest City:
Mumbai
Largest Dessert:
Thar
Largest Delta:
Sundarban’s Delta
Largest Lake:
Wular lake
Largest Saline water Lake:
Chilka
Largest Port:
Mumbai
Largest Rail Station:
Howrah


SOME HIGHEST THINGS OF INDIA

HIGHEST OF INDIA
THINGS
Highest Mountain peak
Kanchenjunga
Highest Dam
Tehri Dam
Highest Waterfall
Kunchikal falls
Highest Railway Station
Ghum railway station of the Darjeeling
Highest Lake
Devtaal
Highest Tower
Qutub Minar of Delhi


 LONGEST THINGS OF INDIA

LONGEST
THINGS OF INDIA
Longest River
Ganges
Longest Dam
Hirakud Dam (Odisha)
Longest National Highway
NH7 (or 44)
Longest Railway Platform
Gorakhpur railway station
Longest Tunnel
Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)

 

FIRST TIME IN INDIA

FIRST IN INDIA
YEAR
First postage stamps of India
1852 at district of scinde (also known as scinde dawk)
First post office of India
Bombay in 1764
First train ran in India
16 April, 1853 between Mumbai and Thane
First Telephone service in India
1882,in city kolkata,chennai & mumbai
First Cinema of India
Silent movie Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke,
First Census of India
1872
First time television started
In Delhi on 15 September 1959
India’s First Satellite
Aryabhata, was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975


INDIANS WHO MADE IT FIRST TIME

FIRST IN
NAME
First president of India
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
First prime minister of India
Jawahar Lal Nehru
First Indian in Space
Rakesh Sharma
First Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
First Indian to win Nobel Prize
Rabindranath Tagore
First Muslim President of India
Zakir Hussain
First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award
Radhakrishnan
First Indian to cross English Channel
Mihir Sen
First woman Prime Minister
Indira Gandhi
First lady to become Miss World
Rita Faria
First Mount Everest Climber
Tenzing Norgay
First Indian who won Oscar
Satyajit Ray
First Indian Cricketer
KS Ranjitsinhji, who played for England. CK Nayudu is the first cricketer who played for India


 IMPORTANT DATES OF INDIAN HISTORY


YEAR
EVENT
5000 BC
Indus Valley Civilization
2000 BC
Vedic Age
563 BC
Birth of Gautama Buddha
327 BC
Alexander’s Invasion
276 BC
Asoka’s Reign Started
320 AD
Starting of Gupta Era
405-411 AD
Chinese Traveler Fahien’s visit
1191
First battle of Tarain
1192
Second Battle of Tarain
1221
Changez Khan’s Invasion
1296
Al-ud-din Khilji’s Accession
1325
Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s Accession
1469
Birth of Guru Nanak
1498
Vasco de Gama’s discovery of India
1526
First battle of Panipat; Foundation of Mughal Era
1556
Second Battle of Panipat
1600
East India Company established
1761
Third Battle of Panipat
1764
Battle of Buxar
1857
Revolt of 1857
1869
Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885
Foundation of National Congress
1906
Foundation of Muslim League
1919
Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
1920
Non co operation Movement launched
1930
Civil Disobedience Movement Launched
1931
Gandhi-Irwin Pact
1937
Provincial Autonomy
1942
Quit India Movement
1947
Division of India, Independence of India


 NICK NAMES OF INDIAN CITIES

NICK NAME
CITY
Silicon Valley of India
Bangalore
IT capital of India
Bangalore
Manchester of India
Ahmadabad
City of Lakes
Bhopal
Temple city of India
Bhubaneswar
Detroit of India
Chennai
Auto hub of India
Chennai
World capital of Biriyani
Hyderabad
Pink city
Jaipur
Golden city of India
Jaisalmir
Steel city of India
Jamshedpur
God’s Own Country
Kochi
City of joy
Kolkata
City of Palaces
Kolkata
Cultural capital of India
Kolkata
City of Nawabs
Lucknow
Hollywood of India
Mumbai
City of Dreams
Mumbai
Financial capital of India
Mumbai
City of Seven islands
Mumbai
City of Rallies
New Delhi
City of Diamonds
Surat


NICK NAMES OF FAMOUS INDIAN 

PERSONALITIES

NICK NAMES
PERSONS
Gurudev, Kabiguru,
Rabindranath Tagore
Nightingale of India
Sorojini Naidu
Father of Nation, Bapu
Mahatma Gandhi
Iron Man of India, Sarder
Vallavbhai Patel
Panditji/ Chacha
Jawaharlal Nehru
Chhatrapati
Shivaji
Frontier Gandhi, Badshah Khan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Lokmanya
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Desh Ratna
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Lal, Bal, Pal
Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal
Napoleon of India
Samudra Gupta
Tota-e-Hind
Amir Khushro