Vardhamana Mahavira, Jainism and Jain Councils

Important points on Jainism and Vardhamana Mahavira:

1. Rishabha, the first Tirthankaras, was the founder of Jainism.
2. There were 24 Tirthankaras.
3. The 24th and the last Tirthankaras was Vardhamana Mahavira. He was born at Kundagram near Vaishali of Bihar in 599 BC.
4. Mahavira was born to King Siddharth and Queen Trishala who was sister of a Lichchhavi prince Chetaka of Vaisali whose daughter was wedded to Bimbisara of Magadha.
5. Mahavira belonged to the Jnatrika Kshatriya clan.
6. Mahavira was married to Yashoda and had a daughter named Priyadarsena.
7. At the age of 30 he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening (Diksha).
8. In the 13th year of his asceticism he attained enlightenment/supreme knowledge i.e. Kaivalya on the bank of river Rijupalika.
9. Mahavira gave his first sermon at Vipulachala mountain at Rajgriha. His first sermon is called Divya Dhwani.
10. He died at Pava near Patna in 527 BC.
11. The two main sects of Jainism was Shwetambar and Digambar.
12. Religious book of Jainism is Agam in Pali language.
13. The Kalpa Sutra is a Jain text containing the biographies of the Jain Tirthankaras, mainly Parshvanath and Mahavira.
14. Parsavanath was the 23rd Tirthankara.
15. First disciple of Mahavira was Jamali.