Sunga Dynasty – 180 BCE

1. Sunga dynasty was established after the fall of Mauryan empire.
2. Pushyamitra Sunga was the senapati of last king of Mauryan empire Brihadratha. He killed Brihadratha and laid the foundation of Sunga dynasty in 187 B.C.
3. Capital of Sunga dynasty was Patliputra.
4. Vidhisha was the capital of later Sunga rulers.
5. Satvahana, Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas of South India were the contemporary of Sunga dynasty.
6. Banabhatta’s Harshcharita gives information about Pushyamitra Sunga.
7. Pushyamitra Sunga performed Ashvamedha Yagna. According to the Ayodhya Inscription of Dhandeva he performed two Ashwamedha Yagyas (Horse Sacrifices).
8. Pushyamitra Sunga ruled for 36 years and was succeeded by his son Agnimitra.
9. Patanjali’s Mahabhasya was composed during the rule of Sunga dynasty.
10. According to Kalidasa’s Malavikagnimitra, Agnimitra married princes of Vidarbha Malavika.
11. Greek ambassador Heliodorus from the court of the Indo-Greek king Antialkidas visited the court of Sunga king Bhagabhadra.
12. It is said that there was ten kings in the Sunga dynasty who ruled Magadha for about 110 years.
13. The last king of Sunga dynasty was Devabhuti.
14. Devabhuti was killed by his minister Vasudeva Kanva in around 73 B.C. Thus, Vasudeva Kanva laid the foundation of Kanva dynasty.