Public Service Commissions in India

Public Service Commissions of India
1. The Constitution requires that there should be a Public Service Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State.
2. There are also Joint Public Service Commission for two or more States.
3. The Chairman and other members of Union and Joint Public Service Commission are appointed by the President and in the case of State Public Service Commission by the Governor of that State.
4. A member of a Public Service Commission shall hold office for a term of 6 years or until he attains the age of 65 years in the case of Union Public Service Commission and 62 years in the case of a State or a Joint Public Service Commission which ever is earlier. [article 316]
5. Nearly one half of the members may be persons who have office for at least ten years under the Union or a State Government.
6. A member of the Commission may be terminated either by resignation or removal.
7. A member should tender his resignation by addressing to the President in the case of Union or a Joint Commission, or to the Governor in the case of a State Commission.
Functions of Public Service Commission
Following are the functions of the Public Service Commission:
1. It is the duty of the Union and the State Public Service Commission to conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union and States respectively.
2. The Union Public Service Commission, if requested by two or more States, should assist those States in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services for which candidates possessing special qualifications are required.
3. It is the duty of a Public Service Commission to advise on any matter referred to them which the President or the Governor of a State may refer to them.